Sturgeon is the common name of the group of the fishes of the family Acipenseridae. Sturgeons are referred to as “primitive species”. Sturgeons are identified by groups and known as long-lived bony fish.
Sturgeon cover 27 species of fish, and their wide distribution makes them vulnerable to over fishing, pollution and habitat destruction, and most of the species are threatened.
Sturgeons have elongated bodies with flattened rostra.
The body color is brown, olive or bluish-black on the dorsal side. The belly is white with paler sides.
Sturgeon are those bony fishes whose skeleton is almost cartilaginous. They can reach up to the length of 20ft and weigh approximately 1200 kg.
They have protrusible toothless mouths but have four barbels. Barbels are the sensory organ that helps them to navigate their habitat, dragging.
They have heterocercal tails, with an upper longer lobe.
The Sturgeon body is covered with 5 rows of heavy large scutes rather than scales. These scutes are smooth as sturgeon grow.
Sturgeon are freshwater fish or either anadromous. They are present in standing waves, boulder pockets, rocks, drop-offs, small pointed waves, merging waves, current edges, river deltas and estuaries.
Sturgeons are widely distributed from subtropical and subarctic waters. They are present in North America, China, Canada, Eurasia, the European Atlantic coast, Italy, Russia, Pacific Ocean, Japan, Korea and Central Asia.
Sturgeons are benthic feeders being toothless. They can not easily seize their prey. They feed non-visually, and their diet mostly contains,
Sturgeons are also known as late-maturing species; for spawning, they require specific conditions such as clear water with the rocky substrate, perfect photoperiod in spring, flowing water for eggs flow, and suitable water temperature.
From their long life span of about 60 years, sturgeons are sexually mature at 15 years. The female produces about 3 million eggs; out of them, few are fertilized and, after 15 days, turn into larvae. Sturgeon larvae can grow up to 20 cm during the first year of their growth.
There are some common methods to catch sturgeon, and these are,
Lures and baits for sturgeon fishing are simple. You can use artificial soft baits or live baits, flies, crabs, cut baits, spoons, jigs, rigs, spinner baits.
Sturgeon are difficult to target, and for sturgeon, you need a maximum drag power heavy category reel.
Make sure your rod can bear up to 30 pounds. The perfect rod reel combination will brighten your day.
Some uses of sturgeon are,