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Cod Fish

September 12, 2021

Cod Fish

Cod is a highly valuable commercial fish and belongs to the family Gadidae. Cod fish is a cold water species. 

Scientific Name:

Gadus morhua is the scientific name, while cod is the common name of the fish. Sometimes also known as codling. 

Physical Characteristics:


Greenish or grey tan speckled flanks on the back are common, while the cod that spend most of their lives in the weedy areas have brown coloration. 

Size and Weight:

The average weight is about 6-15 kg. They can reach up to the size of 6 feet.


Cod has two anal and three round dorsal fins. The pelvic fins are small. The lateral line runs from the gills slit to the caudal fin.


The upper and lower jaws are modified into chin barbel. The Head is large, and the eyes are extended to the same size as the chin barbel. 


Cod fish are active hunters and have an insatiable appetite. They mostly feed on

  • Prawns

  • Lobsters

  • Sand eels

  • Haddock

  • Mussels

  • Crabs

  • Squids

  • Shellfish

  • Octopus 

  • Small codfish

  • Mackerel


Cod fish is most commonly present across the British Isles. Cod show semi-migrational behaviors. They are found throughout the United Kingdom. Although they are cold-water species, they can also be present in spring and autumn, especially the small fishes that can be found throughout the year in Uk. 

Nutritional Value:

Cod fish is famous as a food because of its nutritional values and mild flavor with white flesh. In addition, the processed cod liver manufactures cod liver oil, and that oil is an essential source of omega 3 fatty acids (DHA, EPA), Vitamin A, Vitamin E, Vitamin D.

Techniques and Tips to Catch the Cod:

Cod can be easily found on every seabed and can be caught on sandy and shingle beaches, roughest rockiest of marks, broken grounds.

The specific tips and techniques might be helpful to increase your catch, and these are,

  • Sea fishing rigs for cod are specific and depend upon the type of the grounds. Clipped-down rigs are best for sandy beaches. Pennel pulley is a good choice for rocky beds.

  • You must be selective while choosing the baits. Peeler crabs are the best bait for the cod fish. Your food selection will increase your fish catch number as shellfish or mussels are best on rocky ground, and the gully is the perfect choice for the sandy beaches.

        A whole single squid is the favorite choice of the anglers targeting the giant cod.

  • The Anglers set their gear setup according to hook size and baits. The hook size is generally 3/0 – 6/0. This size is perfect for targeting big cod and also has the advantage that this size is also a bait robbing menace. The smaller hooks are being used to catch the smaller minor codes using the flatfish. 

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